“The following prenatal video footage depicts human embryos at 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 7 weeks following fertilization. Beyond two weeks following fertilization, no post-implantation video footage used by the Education Resource Fund (ERF) is animated. It is entirely endoscopic (augmented by minimal sonographic scans). ERF uses no imagery created by artificial intelligence (AI). The authenticity of all content on the ERF website and in the ERF app can be verified by reference to the original tapes recorded by the physicians conducting the featured diagnostic and therapeutic scans.”

Heartbeat and Brainwaves - America

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2023 Viddy Awards Gold Winner

2023 Viddy Awards
Gold Winner

2023 Accolade Global Film Competition Award of Excellence

2023 Accolade Global Film Competition
Award of Excellence

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2024 Creative Excellence Award
Website Design

2024 AVA Digital Awards - Platinum Winner

2024 AVA Digital Awards
Platinum Winner

2023 Best Mobile App - BMA - award nominee

2023 Best Mobile App Award
Nominee

Hermes Creative Awards - Platinum Award Honoree

2024 Hermes Creative Awards
Platinum Winner

Webby Award Honoree

2024 Webby Award Honoree
Apps and Software

2024 WorldFest Houston Remi Award

2024 WorldFest Houston Remi Award
Gold Winner

American Golden Picture International Film Festival

American Golden Picture International Film Festival
Best Short Documentary,

Best Directing, Best Editing,
Honorable Mention

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2024 MLC Awards
Nominee

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2024 Telly Awards
Silver Winner

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Youtube
14 Million Views

Physicians (especially OB/GYNs, pediatricians, and family practice doctors), as well as healthcare professionals generally, may wish to download the following video for display on a TV monitor in their waiting rooms, exam rooms, etc. This 44-minute video features rare endoscopic and sonographic embryonic and fetal scans which span the entirety of pregnancy. The film can be programmed for looping on most TVs.

Please see below, the preliminary prototype of a comprehensive video archive containing nearly 22 hours of prenatal, endoscopic medical scans. Each scan depicts never-before-seen human embryos and fetuses, alive in the uterus, as they progress through each stage of prenatal development. The image bank will feature a searchable index listing approximately 6000 of the anatomic structures and/or systems viewable in the video archive. Each search term will be linked to the endoscopic video clip which images its corresponding structure and/or system, chronologically ordered by weeks following fertilization. The program is intended as a reference resource for use by clinicians, academics, researchers, medical and nursing students, as well as students in the health sciences at undergraduate and graduate levels of study. The architecture of this interactive system is designed to accommodate continuous expansion.

Biologically speaking, “human development begins at fertilization,” when a woman and a man each combine 23 of their own chromosomes through the union of their reproductive cells. The DNA in the 46 chromosomes of the resulting embryo (zygote stage), then only one cell in size, already contains some 3 billion base pairs of digital data, the genetic blueprint for the entire human body. ...

The human heart will beat 3 billion times over the course of an average lifespan.

The human circulatory system contains 20-30 trillion blood cells at any given time.

The human brain contains 100 billion neurons.

The neurons in the human brain are linked to one another by 100 trillion synaptic connections.

High-resolution images of embryos and fetuses developing in utero

Follow The Science - Fertilization Through 9 Months

Make Science Fun For Kids

Children's Science Documentaries

Before You Were Born

Before You Were Born – Spanish

Before You Were Born – Chinese (Simplified)

Before You Were Born – Chinese (Traditional)

Before You Were Born – Hindi

Before You Were Born – English (Indian Narrators)

COLORING BOOKS

 

Color using your finger on a phone, or your finger or stylus on a tablet, or your mouse and cursor on a computer, or your crayons on physical pages you print out on paper.

 

 


 

 

Auto-fill zone coloring

 

 

Color with finger or stylus

 

“I hold a multiple subject teaching credential in the state of California and I have been a public elementary school teacher since 2004. My primary focus has been Kindergarten, First and Second grade. I recently examined the ERF coloring pages which depict embryos and fetuses developing in utero. This is an amazing interactive resource for children of all ages. It’s extremely user friendly. The high-resolution prenatal images next to the coloring book line drawings are fantastic! This is an instructive resource that can be used effectively in the classroom setting. I also reviewed the ERF site where I watched the children’s version of the ERF prenatal video. Like the coloring pages, the children’s edition of the ERF prenatal science documentary is also an amazing resource! All content is age-appropriate for even the youngest children.”

Ellarose Pinkus

 

WORD SEARCHES

 

Word Searches - 1st-3rd
Word Searches - 4th-6th

“By convention, obstetricians date pregnancy from presumed first day of the last normal menstrual period (LMP). This is gestational age, which in embryology is superfluous because gestation does not begin until fertilization of an oocyte occurs. Embryonic [or fetal] age [also described as fertilization or conceptional age] begins at fertilization, approximately 2 weeks after the LNMP…. The day on which fertilization occurs is the most accurate reference point for estimating [embryonic or fetal] age ….” The Developing Human, Clinically Oriented Embryology, Moore, Persaud & Torchia, Elsevier, 10th Ed. (2016). Unless otherwise noted, all embryonic and fetal ages in Education Resource Fund curricular materials are estimated in weeks/months following fertilization.

Science Documentary Films

The Science of Life Before Birth

See Baby Grow

See Baby Grow (Highlights Edition)

The Science of Life Before Birth – Spanish

See Baby Grow – Spanish

See Baby Grow (Highlights Edition) – Spanish

Award Winning Pregnancy Tracker

The Intricately Interactive Choreography of Conception

ERF’s See Baby Grow app content has been viewed more than 14.1 million times as of June 10, 2024. More than 1,500 comments have been posted. Viewers are from at least 173 countries.

© See Baby Grow App

To obtain the See Baby Grow App for both Apple (iOS) and Google Play (Android), download from the Apple App Store at the foregoing QR Code, or this link:

QR code for See baby Grow App

For Immediate Release

March 5 2024

The Education Resource Fund (ERF) recently announced an extraordinary new series of pregnancy-related science documentaries which illustrate the biology of prenatal development using sophisticated medical imaging technologies and procedures which enable researchers to visualize embryos and fetuses, alive in the uterus, with never-before-seen clarity. ERF is a science foundation which produces films and other curricular materials that are now available in an app ...

Public Service Announcements

Pregnant? Don’t Smoke!

Pregnant? Don’t Drink!

Pregnant? Don’t Misuse Drugs

Pregnant? Wear Seatbelt!

Embryoscopy, fetoscopy, and high-resolution ultrasound imagery, showing embryonic and fetal development

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Week 1 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 1 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 2 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 2 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 3 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 3 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 4 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 4 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 5 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 5 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 6 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 6 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 7 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 7 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 8 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 8 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 9 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 9 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 10 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 10 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 11 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 11 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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Week 12 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Week 12 – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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4 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

4 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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5 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

5 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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6 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

6 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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7 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

7 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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8 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

8 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

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9 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

9 Months – Embryonic & Fetal Video Clips

Subtitles in 92 languages for ERF video "The Science of Life Before Birth"

Choose Your Preferred Subtitle Language Here:

We have prepared the script of “The Science of Life Before Birth” in 92 different languages. You can download a PDF of each of those translations by following the links below.

See Baby Grow app video

 

The See Baby Grow app video depicts embryos and fetuses, alive in the uterus, throughout every stage of pregnancy. These preborn babies have been scanned using embryoscopy and fetoscopy medical imaging technology, as well as high-resolution, research-grade sonography. The narration describes developmental anatomy and physiology as it unfolds through all three trimesters of pregnancy.


PROFESSIONAL ENDORSEMENTS

Professional reviews neither state nor imply institutional endorsement.

Post the following prenatal development facts on your social media:

The ERF prenatal videos featured at www.ERF.science are updated and expanded variants of the science documentary titled "The Biology of Prenatal Development."

Biology of Prenatal Development Film Awards

CINE Golden Eagle

CINE Golden Eagle

Platinum Remi Award

Platinum Remi Award

Grand Remi -

Grand Remi – “Best of Show”

Best of Show | Award of Excellence | Award of Excellence

Grand Remi – “Best of Show”

Grand Remi

Grand Remi

Award of Excellence

Award of Excellence

Silver Telly Award

Silver Telly Award

Principal Technical Advisor:

Mark T. Cullen, M.D.

Technical Review:

James H. Baker, Ph.D.
Enid Gilbert-Barness, M.D.
David H. Bernanke, Ph.D.
Mark J. Holterman, M.D., Ph.D.
David L. Bolender, Ph.D.
Paul A. Krieg, Ph.D.
Professor Stuart Campbell, D.Sc.
Maria Michejda, M.D,
Bruce M. Carlson, M.D., Ph.D.
Maurice J. Pescitelli Jr., Ph.D.
Julian E. De Lia, M.D., M.B.A.
Charles L. Saxe, Ill, Ph.D.
Charles H. Ellis Jr., Ph.D.
Mark F. Seifert, Ph.D.
Ona Marie Faye-Petersen, M.D.
Allan R. Sinning, Ph.D.
David W. Fontaine, M.D.
Bradley R. Smith, Ph.D.
Ravmond F. Gasser, Ph.D.
Sam R. Voora, M.D.

“The developmental period before birth is increasingly understood as a time of preparation during which the developing human acquires the many structures, and practices the many skills, needed for survival after birth. As our understanding of early human development advances, so too will our ability to enhance health––both before and after birth.”

The Biology of Prenatal Development, a documentary film originally distributed by the National Geographic Society


The following science documentaries, medical textbooks, and medical journal articles are among the many educational resources which provide useful information regarding the biology of prenatal development:

Comparative Embryonic and Fetal Anatomy

IMAGING THE UNIMAGINABLE

 

The Education Resource Fund’s (ERF) composited embryonic and fetal pictures are derived from many smaller images, “stitched” together in much the same manner employed by NASA to combine satellite photo “tiles,” in a process which forms a large “mosaiced” image. Many research institutions use related technology to image otherwise unimageable (and unimaginable) objects and processes.

A mosaic image of the lunar South Pole, with individual photo tiles electronically stitched together to create one enormous panoramic view. Photo credit NASA A mosaic image of the lunar South Pole, with individual photo tiles electronically stitched together to create one enormous panoramic view. Photo credit NASA

Note: ERF does not use animated imagery to depict any structures or processes which are capable of being filmed, photographed, or scanned.

 

ENDOSCOPES

 

ERF’s embryo and fetus imagery was initially derived by teams of physician researchers and clinicians employing endoscopy (and its subsets, embryoscopy and fetoscopy) to diagnose and treat prenatal disorders in utero.

An endoscope with related equipment. An endoscope with related equipment

Endoscopes are medical imaging devices which permit high-resolution observation of tissues and processes inside the human body. Prenatally, they can be used to produce minimally invasive scans imaged through, but from outside, the amnion. When clinically necessary, more invasive scans may be performed by surgically entering the abdominal cavity, uterus and amniotic sac. At the distal end of these instruments is an objective lens designed for imaging. At the proximal end is an eyepiece, or sensor, which enables viewing.

 

HOW THEY WORK

 

These scopes generally consist of a tube which encloses a relay lens system (in rigid endoscopes) or a fiber bundle (for fiber-optic, or flexible, endoscopes) for illumination and to transmit an image from the objective lens inside the body to the proximal end outside.

Said differently, endoscopes use optical elements to direct light to the area sought to be illuminated and transmit the resulting image to the eye or detector. Rigid endoscopes generally offer superior resolution or magnification. But an endoscope’s objective lens is only approximately 1/5 of an inch in diameter, and this relatively small size substantially narrows the observer’s field of view (even with the addition of supplemental lenses such as “negative” or “prism” optics, etc.).

CONSTRAINTS

 

This limitation is further compounded by the need to use the scope in very confined spaces, with only short distances separating the objective lens from the anatomical structures being imaged. Consequently, only a small segment of the embryo or fetus is observable at any point along the timeline of the scan.

An endoscope’s construction must also accommodate frequently conflicting design considerations. The resulting compromises can involve not only fields of view, but depths of field (meaning thickness of the plane of focus) and image illumination and magnification, as well as distortion issues (i.e., stretched or compressed perspective), etc.

 

WORK-AROUNDS

 

Therefore, to produce a high-quality, single image of the entire embryo or fetus, large numbers of smaller, more detailed pictures must be joined together in a manner suggestive of the process by which puzzle pieces are assembled to form a completed picture.

This technique employs a complex proprietary process which combines segmental scans to create a final, multi-source composited image. The resulting picture is digitally adjusted to preserve each segment’s original color, resolution, contrast, proportions, illumination, etc. Technicians also correct for vignetting (image degradation involving content loss at the periphery of the frame).

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING & ULTRASOUND

 

The British medical journal Lancet has published a prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study similarly involving the creation of 3D pictures to diagnose and treat congenital heart problems in utero. The BBC reports that “A series of 2D pictures of the heart are taken from different angles using an MRI machine” to image the fetus.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) equipment with digital images of scanned tissue. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) equipment with digital images of scanned tissue.

The story explains that “Sophisticated computer software pieces the images together, adjusts for the beating of the heart and builds … [a] 3D image of the heart.” A pediatric cardiologist describes the resulting 3D images as “beautiful.”

This MRI research is part of a fetal diagnostic project which is also exploring scans using “four ultrasound probes at the same time – current scans use one – to get a more detailed picture.” This process produces a more wholistic composited image.

Research-grade ultrasound scanning equipment. Research-grade ultrasound scanning equipment.

NASA COMPOSITES IMAGERY (SINGLE MEDIUM)

 

ERF’s imaging process is conceptually similar to the technologies used by the National Atmospheric and Space Administration (NASA) to produce wide-area satellite images of the earth’s surface. Until the launch of the Deep Space Climate Observatory Satellite (DSOVR), which now orbits the earth at a distance of one million miles, NASA had no camera positioned sufficiently far from our planet to capture the globe’s entire sunlit surface in a single photograph.

As previously noted, an endoscope’s objective lens must also operate too near to an embryo or fetus to permit its entire anatomy to be imaged in a single frame. This same constraint complicates the capture of satellite imagery. Previous pictures of the earth could, therefore, only be created using digital “stitching” technology to make one large composite image from many smaller segments. Scientists sometimes describe this final image (or “data set”) as a “mosaic,” comprised of large numbers of individual tiles.

 

HYBRID IMAGERY (MULTI-MEDIA)

 

A satellite picture can also be augmented by aerial photography (cameras on aircraft operating within the earth’s atmosphere) to improve resolution. Hybrid images of this sort can be created by superimposing black and white imagery (for still higher resolution) over color pictures of the same area, the latter to optimize chromic (color) fidelity.

In this connection, the scientific press reports that the Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) “combined over one thousand precise, calibrated satellite images with other data from the continent’s surface to create a single picture of the entire continent.” The high magnification factor (think telephoto lenses which enlarge image objects) of each of these puzzle pieces yielded a composite picture depicting more detail than could have been captured in a single photo shot with a wide-angle lens.

Landsat satellite cameras generate composited images of the earth’s surface during multiple passes with continuous scans per pass. Landsat satellite cameras generate composited images of the earth’s surface during multiple passes with continuous scans per pass.

APPLICATIONS IN ASTRONOMY

 

NASA uses this mosaicking process to image celestial bodies of nearly every description. The Juno spacecraft made composite images of Jupiter; InSight of Mars; Cassini of Saturn; and Hubble of the Sombrero Galaxy.

An exquisitely detailed depiction of a challenging subject, whether prohibitively small or large, near or far, may involve vastly more complexity than meets the eye, and there exist nearly countless examples of comparably creative combinations of imaging techniques.

 

ENTAMOLOGICAL USES

 

NASA is not alone in its use of this imaging technique. A Wall Street Journal story, July 30, 2022, titled “Breathtaking Bugs at the Museum,” describes an exhibition of “macrophotography prints [which] makes us appreciate these small creatures’ beauty on a large scale.” The article explains the creation of large format prints “in an exhibit called ‘Extinct and Endangered, Insects in Peril.’” The imaging process is called “macrophotography,” and it took an average of “three weeks and as many as 10,000 files for the photographer to make an individual image.”